Events in Indian history: beginning with an account of the origin of the American Indians, and early settlements in North America, and embracing concise biographies of the principal chiefs and head-sachems of the different Indian tribes, with narratives a
12020-09-24T17:37:11-07:00Will Fenton82bf9011a953584cd702d069a30cbdb6ef90650a72001Massacre of the the Indians at Lancaster by the Paxton boys in 1763 (1841)2020-09-24T17:37:11-07:00Lancaster: G. Hills, 1841.Wimer, James.633 p. : 8 folded plates (incl. ill.) ; 23 cm. (8vo). Signatures: 1-53[superscript 6] (45-6 blank). With 6 folding plates.11Will Fenton82bf9011a953584cd702d069a30cbdb6ef90650a
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12016-08-20T13:26:20-07:00Introduction146Will Fentonimage_header6038032020-09-24T17:42:19-07:00Welcome to Digital Paxton. This site isn't only a digital collection dedicated to a massacre, but also a window into colonization, print culture, and Pennsylvania on the eve of the American Revolution.
The “Paxton” in Digital Paxton refers to a little-known massacre in colonial Pennsylvania.
In December 1763, a mob of settlers from Paxtang Township murdered 20 unarmed Susquehannock Indians in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. A month later, hundreds of "Paxton Boys" marched toward Philadelphia to menace and possibly kill more refugee Indians who sought the protection of the Pennsylvania government. While Benjamin Franklin halted the march just outside of Philadelphia in Germantown, supporters of the Paxton Boys and their critics spent the next year battling in print.
The Paxton Boys accused the Conestoga Indians of colluding with the Ohio Country Lenape and Shawnee warriors who were attacking Pennsylvania's western frontier, a charge that had no basis in fact. Their opponents accused the Paxton Boys of behaving more savagely than the Indians they had killed.
The pamphlet war that followed in 1764 was not so different from the Twitter wars of today. Pamphleteers waged battle using pseudonyms, slandering opponents as failed elites and racial traitors. At stake was much more than the conduct of the Paxton men. Pamphleteers staked claims about colonization, peace and war, race and ethnicity, masculinity and civility, and religious association in pre-Revolutionary Pennsylvania.
Digital Paxton began in Spring 2016 when Will Fenton partnered with the Library Company of Philadelphia and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania to digitize both institutions' rich holdings related to the Paxton massacre. Originally conceived as a way to make those records freely accessible via the web, the site quickly expanded to include primary source materials from some two-dozen archives, research libraries, and cultural institutions; a dozen contextual essays from leading historians and literary scholars; and half a dozen lessons from secondary and post-secondary educators.
As of September 2020, the site features 2,967 pages of material, including 39 artworks, four books, 17 broadsides, 180 manuscripts, 27 newspaper issues, 71 pamphlets, and nine political cartoons, many of which have never before been digitized. About half of the collection (101 records) is fully-transcribed and searchable, and new transcriptions are added on a regular basis.
The site also includes six middle school, 12 high school, and three undergraduate lesson plans; 14 contextual essays written by leading historians and literary scholars; and a crowd-sourced transcription platform.
To learn more about how to use Digital Paxton, follow this path to "Using Digital Paxton," listed below Contents. To submit questions, share feedback, or get involved in the project, contact the editor.