IT is scarcely possible to ascertain the Number of Representatives that ought to be in any Country, and much less in a new One, on equitable Principles. I know of no Rule to fix their Proportions, but the Number of Taxables, and the Quantity of Money they pay towards the Defence and Support of the Government. And as the Number and Quantity of these are subject to continual Encrease and Changes, even this Mode must be attended with Difficulties if carried strictly into Practice.
HOWEVER, let us for once agree on this as a Rule, as we know of no better at present, and thereby examine into the Justice of the Complaint of the Frontier Counties, that they are not equally represented. To determine the Matter, we must fix on one County as a Standard: None can be settled as such with more Propriety than the County of Philadelphia, because it is the most opulent and numerous, and contains a greater Number of Men, who understand Government and Laws. Now the County of Philadelphia contains about 8300 Taxables, and pays towards the Support and Defence of the Government annually, upwards of £. 12,400, and sends eight